Deals For Developers

The D.C. city council has approved more than $1 billion in tax breaks and other subsidies to developers over the past decade. At the same time, these developers donated millions of dollars in campaign cash. Officials say the subsidies spark revitalization. But who's really benefiting?

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Jared Angle/WAMU

Overview

Developers Fund Campaigns, Score Subsidies

Updated: May 20, 2013

Construction cranes can be seen throughout the district. Less visible are the symbiotic relationships between land developers and city officials awarding tax breaks and discounted land deals. Those government subsidies are meant to revive neighborhoods, and to create jobs and affordable housing. But in some cases, the benefits never materialized, or the subsidies simply weren’t needed.

And what began as a targeted economic development tool now looks to some like government hand outs that could have paid for other city services.

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Million-Dollar Properties, $1 Deals

Parcels of city land – often valued at millions of dollars – have been awarded to politically connected developers, some for pennies on the dollar. Since 2008, D.C. lawmakers have approved 20 of these land deals, at a loss of more than $200 million in city assets.

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Empty Promises: Developers Often Don't Deliver

Developers receiving subsidies pledge jobs, affordable housing and other benefits for D.C. residents. Yet with little oversight and enforcement, many of the promises were downsized, delayed or broken.

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Timing of Campaign Contributions Examined

Some developers working together on a project donated to the same candidate on the same day, while others devoted their highest annual donation total the year they received a subsidy.

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Fixing the System

D.C. has to look no further than its neighbors, Maryland and Virginia, for ways to hold developers to their promises. Meanwhile, critics call for campaign finance reform.


What Is A Subsidy?

The city's Office of the Chief Financial Officer evaluates the fiscal impact of financial incentives to developers. The office defines several types of “subsidies”:

  • Tax abatement Waiving part or all of a tax
  • Tax exemption Waiving all of a tax
  • Tax increment financing Diverting tax revenues to finance bonds used to support large development projects
  • Payments-in-lieu of taxes, or PILOT Diverting tax revenues on previously tax-exempt, government-owned buildings to finance bonds used to support large developments
  • Land Disposition Agreement, or LDA Selling or leasing city-owned property to developers at below-market rates

Explore The Network of Donors and Developers

Donations to D.C. officials and candidates from 133 groups linked to development teams that were awarded subsidies.


About The Data

The reporters began with a database of roughly 100,000 campaign contributions in D.C. municipal elections since 2003. The reporters also obtained lists of property tax breaks and other annual subsidies granted by city officials in recent years. Contributions by developers receiving these incentives — including their affiliated companies, employees and family members — were then calculated. Connections between companies and their affiliates were made based on the addresses of the companies included, as well as documents such as legislative reports, court records and business registration files, and websites such as LinkedIn and OpenSecrets.org. The total value over time of each subsidy was calculated based on legislative and other city documents and in consultation with the D.C. Office of the Chief Financial Officer. The full list of developer contributions can be downloaded below. The tables have also been aggregated by project, developer and elected official or candidate.

Download The Data

  • Projects
  • Developers
  • Officials

This table shows all projects identified in recent years by the city's chief financial officer as receiving a subsidy, and several that are scheduled to receive one. The table lists developers connected to the project and the subsidy's estimated total value. The total contributions are based on 10 years of data from the D.C. Office of Campaign Finance.

 
Project Subsidy Recipient Address Method Subsidy Value Total Donations Ward
Gallery Place Western Development, Akridge 616 H St NW TIF $73,650,000 $71,178 2
Fort Lincoln Retail (Shops at Dakota Crossing) Fort Lincoln New Town , Trammell Crow, CSG Urban Partners, Peterson Companies Fort Lincoln Drive NE and 33rd Place NE TIF $10,000,000 $69,300 5
450 Massachusetts Ave (The Meridian at Gallery Place) Paradigm, Bernstein Companies, CGI 450 Massachusetts Ave NW Abatement $3,692,210 $67,000 2
City Vista Neighborhood Development Company, Lowe Enterprises, Bundy Development, EDENS 475 K St NW Exemption $624,911 $30,100
Parkside Terrace Development Project Community Preservation and Development Corporation, CEMI 3744 Hayes St NE Exemption $450,000 $49,951 7
Brentwood Retail Center Urban Atlantic 1060 Brentwood Rd NE Exemption $1,062,000 $46,500 5
The Yards Forest City 10 Water Street SE PILOT $90,000,000 $146,350 6
H Street Project (Woolworth Condominiums) Wall Development Group, Taurus 1115 H St NE LDA $582,000 $9,300 6
Capper Carrollsburg Forest City , WC Smith, Urban Atlantic, EYA 400 M Street SE PILOT $55,000,000 $334,200 6
Verizon Center Renovation DC Arena, Monumental Sports, Lerner Enterprises 601 F Street NW TIF $50,000,000 $142,500 2
Georgia Commons (3Tree Flats) AHD, Jair Lynch 3910 Georgia Ave NW Abatement $5,400,000 $33,050 4
City Market at O Street Roadside Development 1400 7th Street NW TIF $38,650,000 $34,181 6
Gateway Market Center Sang Oh Development, AREA Property Partners, EDENS 1240-1248 4th St NE Abatement $1,340,000 $52,450 5
Tewkesbury Condos Blue Skye Development 6425 14th St, NW LDA $2,730,000 $51,951 4
Hayes Street Apartments Blue Skye Development, Argos Group, ARC Consultants 4427 Hayes Street, NE LDA $1,802,159 $59,201 7
NoMa residential development Archstone, Cohen Companies, Stonebridge, Palmetto 250 K St NE, 130 M St NE, 1100 First Street, NE Abatement $50,000,000 $93,850
3800 block of Georgia Ave Donatelli, Mosaic Urban Partners 3813 Georgia Ave NW LDA $1,499,999 $73,950 4
Minnesota-Benning (Phase 2) Donatelli, Blue Skye Development Benning Road and Minnesota Avenue, NE  LDA $13,175,990 $122,076 7
Capital Fire Station CityPartners, Potomac Investment Properties, Paramount, DC Strategy Group, Adams Investment, 400 E Street SW LDA $25,300,000 $123,646
Park Place at Petworth & Highland Park Projects Donatelli 850 Quincy St NW, 1400-1444 Irving St NW Abatement $8,500,000 $69,125 1,4
Reservations 129, 130 & 299 (as settlement) Cohen Companies 1333 M Street SE LDA $8,800,000 $62,250
1320 Mississippi Ave SE (Supportive Housing) WC Smith 1320 Mississippi Ave SE LDA $2,099,959 $103,450 8
800 Kenilworth Avenue Northeast Redevelopment (The Lotus) Chapman Development 800 Kenilworth Ave NE Exemption $1,610,680 $51,250 7
Grays on Pennsylvania Ave Chapman Development 2323 Pennsylvania Ave SE Abatement $1,000,556 $51,250 7
Allen Chapel AME Allen Chapel A.M.E. Church, District Development Group, Enterprise Community Partners 2498 Alabama Ave SE Exemption $3,300,000 $62,198 8
2 M Street NE WC Smith, Warrenton Group 2 M Street NE Abatement $5,760,000 $132,400
West End (Library & Fire Station) EastBanc, L. S. Caldwell & Associates, The Warrenton Group, Dantes Partners 1101 24th St NW LDA $12,018,000 $127,295 2
Carver Low‐Income & Senior Housing CEMI, Bozzuto, New Market Investors 4800 East Capitol St NE Exemption $1,970,000 $63,151 7
Howard Town Center Cohen Companies, RBG Georgia Ave NW & V St NW Abatement $11,000,000 $70,600 1
Rhode Island Metro Plaza Urban Atlantic, A&R, Graimark Walker 919 Rhode Island Avenue NE  PILOT $7,200,000 $63,526 5
Hine Jr. H.S. EastBanc, Stanton Development, L. S. Caldwell & Associates, Dantes Partners, Wilmot, The Jarvis Company 335 8th Street SE LDA $22,900,000 $194,045 6
The Wharf PN Hoffman, Paramount, E. R. Bacon, CityPartners, Madison Marquette, Gotham 690 Water Street SW PILOT/TIF/LDA $293,000,000 $126,733 6
Strand Theater The Warrenton Group, Blue Skye Development, Banneker Ventures 5127 Nannie Helen Burroughs Ave, NE LDA $496,095 $110,701 7
Kelsey Gardens Redevelopment Project Metropolitan Development, CEMI, Akridge 1301 7th Street NW Exemption $20,264,000 $73,951 6
First Congregational United Church of Christ PN Hoffman, E. R. Bacon 945 G Street, NW Abatement $951,212 $68,087 2
DC USA Grid Properties 3100 14th St NW TIF/Abatement $43,000,000 $17,500 1
Adams Morgan Hotel Friedman Capital, Marriott, Beztak 1780 Columbia Road NW Abatement $46,000,000 $37,350 1
Progression Place Four Points, The Jarvis Company, Ellis Development, UNCF 1805 7th Street NW Abatement $5,100,000 $79,550 1
Eckington One Trammell Crow, Mill Creek Residential Trust, CSX Eckington Pl NE and Q St NE Abatement $972,346 $17,850 5
National Public Radio, Inc. Boston Properties, NPR 1111 North Capitol Street, NE Abatement $41,000,000 $4,220 6
900 15th St NW (Summit Grand Parc) 900 15th Street NW Abatement $909,010 $0 2
1499 Massachusetts Ave (Post Massachusetts Ave) 1499 Massachusetts Ave NW Abatement $2,464,520 $0 2
1400 N St NW (National City Christian Church) 1400 N Street NW Abatement $1,361,200 $0 2
High Tech. Comm. Real Estate Database Providers (CoStar) CoStar, 1331 L St NW Abatement $6,100,000 $28,950 2
1210 Mass Apartments JBG , Equity 1210 Massachusetts Ave NW Abatement $1,210,560 $36,700 2
1150 K 1150 K Street NW Abatement $1,151,730 $0 2
1117 10th St (Quincy Court) Carr 1117 10th Street NW Abatement $2,117,440 $10,400 2
Pew Charitable Trusts 901 E St NW Washington, DC 20004 Abatement $13,396,000 $0 2
912 F St NW (Ventana) Douglas Development 912 F St NW Abatement $792,780 $59,470 2
400 8th St NW (The Lexington at Market Square) Boston Properties, Gould 400 8th St NW Abatement $407,840 $46,050 2
631 D St NW (Lafayette Condo) 631 D St NW Abatement $4,283,430 $0 2
555 Massachusetts Ave (555 Mass Ave Condos) JBG , CGI 555 Massachusetts Ave NW Abatement $2,599,090 $45,700 6
770 5th St NW (Avalon at Gallery Place) 770 5th St NW Abatement $1,742,890 $0 2
400 Massachusetts Ave )400 Mass Ave) Douglas Development 400 Massachusetts Ave NW Abatement $2,526,660 $59,470 2
K St NW (Mount Vernon Place) Quadrangle, The Wilkes Company 300 K St NW Abatement $3,077,750 $58,700 6
Nonprofit Tax Abatement: American Iron & Steel Institute 25 Massachusetts Ave NW, #800 Abatement $1,099,680 $0 6
Nonprofit Tax Abatement: Case Western Reserve 820 1st St NE Washington, DC Abatement $432,000 $0 6
Third & H Streets, N.E. Development Project (360 H St) Steuart 360 H St NE Abatement $5,000,000 $12,000 6
300 Massachusetts Ave (Mass Court) 300 Massachusetts Ave. Abatement $2,865,030 $0
Living Social Living Social 918 F Street Abatement $32,500,000 $100
Heights on Georgia Avenue Neighborhood Development Corporation, Mi Casa Inc 3232 Georgia Ave NW Exemption $7,100,000 $13,450 1
4100 Georgia Ave Project Neighborhood Development Corporation 4100 Georgia Ave NW Exemption $2,121,380 $9,550 4
New Columbia Community Land Trust New Columbia Land Trust 1419 V Street NW Exemption $257,500 $630 5
Golden Rule Rehabilitation Project Golden Rule Plaza, MissionFirst Development, Henson 901 New Jersey Ave NW Exemption $8,403,840 $3,225 6
St. Martin's Apartments NorthStar Development, St. Martins church 116 T Street, NE  Exemption $835,403 $300 5
Randall School Development Monument Realty, Telesis 65 I St SW Exemption $7,827,000 $29,300 6
American College of Cardiology 2400 N St NW Exemption $11,052,340 $0 2
Campbell Heights Project Jair Lynch 2001 15th St NW Exemption $17,100,000 $30,025 1
National Community Reinvestment Coalition 727 15th St NW Exemption $1,385,079 $0 2
14W and the YMCA Anthony Bowen Project Perseus, Akridge 1315 W Street NW Exemption $10,960,000 $33,350 1
Studio Theatre Housing 1501 14th St NW #3 Exemption $525,505 $0 2
King Towers Residential Housing Rental Project Ellis Denning Development 1220 12 St NW Exemption $648,000 $31,325 2
Emmaus Rehabilitation Project 1426 9th St NW Exemption $295,070 $0 2
Newseum Carr 555 Pennsylvania Ave NW Exemption $47,234,770 $10,400 2
Center Leg Freeway Property Group Partners, The area bounded by Massachusetts Ave, E Street, between 2nd & 3rd Streets, NW Exemption $19,363,000 $31,600 2,6
American Psychological Association 750 1st St NE Exemption $15,062,560 $0 6
DC Teachers Federal Credit Union DC Teachers Federal Credit Union 903 D St NE Exemption $77,000 $0 6
The Washington Ballet 3515 Wisconsin Avenue NW Exemption $110,531 $0 3
Jubilee Housing Residential Rental Project Jubilee Housing, Enterprise Community Partners 1740 Euclid Street NW 1650 Fuller Street NW 2418 17th Street NW 1630 Fuller Street NW 2525 Ontario Road NW 1631 Euclid Street NW 2233 18th Street NW Exemption $6,500,000 $5,928 1
Samuel J Simmons NCBA Estates No. 1 L.P. NCBA (Samuel J. Simmons) 2801 14th Street, NW Exemption $587,500 $5,000 1
View 14 Project Level 2 Development, Centrum 2303 14th Street NW Exemption $7,876,000 $14,600 1
Douglass Knoll, Golden Rule, 1728 W Street and Wagner Gainsville Golden Rule Plaza, Non-Profit Community Development Corp, MissionFirst Development 3331 22nd Street SE, 1050 New Jersey Ave NW, 1728 W St Exemption $4,500,000 $3,200 8
Affordable Housing Opportunities, Inc. Project 523-525 Mellon Street SE, 2765 Naylor Road SE Exemption $383,676 $0 8
Wayne Place Senior Living Torti Gallas, St. Paul Community Development 14 Wayne Pl SE Exemption $589,437 $7,425 8
Old Naval Hospital 921 Pennsylvania Ave SE Exemption $1,384,000 $0 6
Hurt Home Argos Group, Potomac Investment Properties 3050 R Street NW LDA $9,106,500 $24,700 2
The Nannie Helen at 4800 Northern Real Estate Urban Venture, Bozzuto, Edgewood, Blue Skye Development, Wash & Associates 4800 Nannie Helen Burroughs Ave NE LDA $525,519 $116,176 7
Justice Park Dantes Partners, Capital Construction Enterprises, Keystone Plus Construction 1421 Euclid Street NW LDA $390,000 $77,600 1
MM Washington Career HS Redevlopment Urban Matters, MissionFirst Development 27 O Street NW LDA $11,999,901 $4,961
1839 13th Street NW (Whitelaw Hotel) Manna, Inc. 1839 13th Street NW LDA $1,822,500 $2,295 1
Dix Street Corridor Revitalization Partners, LLC Urban Matters, JackSophie, Ellis Denning Development 400 Eastern Ave NE LDA $6,399,999 $56,286 7
The Station, The Engine House Argos Group, Hamel Builders 1341 Maryland Avenue, NE, 525 9th St NE LDA $1,672,710 $41,700 6
US DOT (Anacostia Waterfront Projects) JBG , Clark Enterprises 1200 New Jersey Ave SE PILOT $111,000,000 $67,400 6
Mandarin Oriental Hotel Republic Properties, CityInterests 1330 Maryland Ave SW TIF $46,000,000 $29,350 6
Embassy Suites 900 10th Street NW TIF $11,000,000 $0 2
H&M Douglas Development 1025 F St NW TIF $2,900,000
Zara Douglas Development 1025 F St NW TIF $1,750,000 $59,470 2
Forever 21 Douglas Development 1025 F St NW #200 TIF $4,980,000 $59,470 2
Madame Tussauds LLC Douglas Development 1001 F St NW TIF $1,300,000 $59,470 2
Shakespeare Theatre Clark Enterprises, Carr, Tishman Speyer, Bricklayers 610 F St NW TIF $10,000,000 $53,875 1
Howard Theatre Howard Theater Restoration, Ellis Development, Martinez & Johnson 620 T St NW TIF $4,000,000 $35,875 1
The Hamilton Clydes 600 14th St TIF $4,470,000 $29,938 2
Crime & Punishment Museum 575 7th St NW TIF $3,000,000 $0 2
Capitol Hill Towers Marriott, NJA Development 1000 New Jersey Ave SE TIF $10,000,000 $34,100 6
Georgia Ave CVS LaKritz Adler, CVS 3642 Georgia Avenue TIF $1,930,000 $25,776 4
Skyland Shopping Center WC Smith, Rappaport bordered by Alabama Avenue, Naylor Road and Good Hope Road TIF $40,000,000 $122,150 7
International Spy Museum Douglas Development 800 F St NW TIF $6,900,000 $59,470 2
Convention Center Hotel Marriott, Quadrangle, Capstone, RLJ, Gould 801 Mt. Vernon Place NW TIF $209,200,000 $137,150 2
Fort Totten Square JBG , CityPartners, Lowe Enterprises South Dakota Avenue and Riggs Road NE LDA $5,500,000 $56,021

This table shows a list of developers who are receiving a subsidy — or who were part of the development team receiving it — and the number of city-subsidized projects they've been connected to. The total contributions are based on 10 years of data from the D.C. Office of Campaign Finance.

 
Developer/Entity Donations Total Subsidized Projects
A. Wash & Associates $25,125 1
A&R $16,651 1
Adams Investment $48,300 1
AHD $3,025 1
Akridge Development $23,350 3
Allen Chapel A.M.E. Church $6,420 1
ARC Consultants $2,500 1
Archstone $7,000 1
AREA Property Partners $1,650 1
Argos Group $4,750 3
Banneker Ventures $10,200 1
Bernstein Companies $46,400 1
Beztak $250 1
Blue Skye Construction $51,951 5
Boston Properties $4,200 2
Bozzuto $18,750 2
Bricklayers $4,275 1
Bundy $5,300 1
Capital Construction Enterprises $28,200 1
Capstone Development $3,900 1
Carr Realty Partners $10,400 3
CEMI $42,901 3
Centrum Properties $3,000 1
CG Investments $11,000 2
Chapman Development $51,250 2
CityInterests $13,250 1
CityPartners $13,085 3
Clark Enterprises $32,700 2
Clyde's $29,938 1
Cohen Companies $62,250 3
Community Preservation and Development Corporation $7,050 1
Costar $28,950 1
CSG Urban Partners $10,050 1
CSX $6,500 1
CVS $6,500 1
Dantes Partners $19,700 3
DC ARENA $9,800 1
DC Strategy Group $5,986 1
DC Teachers Federal Credit Union $300 1
District Development Group $41,800 1
Donatelli $69,125 3
Douglas Development $59,470 7
E.R. Bacon $2,800 2
EastBanc $53,300 2
EDENS $13,000 2
Edgewood Management Corp. $14,500 1
Ellis Denning Development $31,325 2
Ellis Development $28,925 2
Enterprise Community Partners $5,678 2
Equity $2,000 1
EYA $37,900 1
Forest City $146,350 2
Fort Lincoln New Town $39,900 1
Four Points $24,250 1
Friedman Capital $4,000 1
Golden Rule Plaza $1,125 2
Gotham Development $650 1
Gould $41,850 1
Graimark Walker $375 1
Grid Properties $17,500 1
Hamel Builders $36,950 1
Howard Theater Restoration $800 1
JackSophie $21,000 1
Jair Lynch $30,025 2
JBG $34,700 4
Jubilee $500 1
Keystone Plus Construction $29,700 1
L. S. Caldwell & Associates $5,745 2
LaKritz Adler $19,276 1
Lerner Enterprises $84,000 1
Level 2 Development $11,600 1
LivingSocial $100 1
Lowe $8,150 2
Madison Marquette $2,600 1
Manna, Inc. $2,295 1
Marriott $33,100 3
Martinez + Johnson Architecture $6,150 1
Metropolitan Development Group $7,700 1
Mi Casa Inc. $3,900 1
Mill Creek Residential Trust $2,000 1
Mission First Housing Development Corporation $1,000 3
Monument Realty $28,850 1
Monumental Sports & Entertainment $48,700 1
Mosaic Urban Partners $3,825 1
National Caucus and Center on Black Aged Inc. $5,000 1
Neighborhood Development Co. $9,550 2
New Columbia Community Land Trust, Inc. $630 1
New Market Investors LLC $1,500 1
NJA Development $1,000 1
Non-Profit Community Development Corp. of Washington, D.C. $1,075 1
North Star Development & Consulting $50 1
NPR $20 1
Palmetto Hospitality Management Co. $2,500 1
Paradigm Companies $9,600 1
Paramount Development $36,325 2
Perseus Realty, LLC $10,000 1
Peterson Companies $10,000 1
PN Hoffman $65,287 2
Potomac Investment Properties $19,950 2
Quadrangle Development Corp. $33,450 2
Rappaport Companies $18,700 1
Republic Properties Corp. $16,100 1
RLJ Companies $24,850 1
Roadside Development LLC $34,181 1
Robert Bobb Group LLC $8,900 1
Sang Oh Development, LLC $38,300 1
St. Martin of Tours Catholic Church $250 1
St. Paul Community Development $1,925 1
Stanton Development Corp. $7,250 1
Steuart Investment Co. $6,500 1
Stonebridge Associates $17,600 1
Taurus Development Group $9,300 1
Telesis Corp. $450 1
The Henson Development Co. $1,100 1
The Jarvis Co. $26,250 2
The Warrenton Group $48,550 3
The Wilkes Co. $25,250 1
Tishman Speyer $6,500 1
Torti Gallas $5,500 1
Trammell Crow $9,350 2
Triden Development $2,800 1
United Negro College Fund $125 1
Urban Atlantic $46,500 3
Urban Matters (Will Regan, Ray Nix and Washington Interfaith Network) $3,961 2
Wall Development Group $1,000 1
WC Smith $103,450 4
Western Development Corp. $47,828 1
Wilmot $81,800 1
Radio One $14,250 1
Property Group Partners $31,600 1
Northern Real Estate Urban Ventures $7,550 1

This table lists total donations to D.C. officials and candidates from 132 developers that have received subsidies.

 
Official/Candidate Title Incumbent Ward Donations Total Donations
Adrian Fenty Former mayor No 615 $742,873
Kwame Brown Former council member No At Large 308 $244,645
Vincent Gray Mayor Yes 227 $218,290
Linda Cropp Former council member No At Large 146 $195,238
Muriel Bowser Council Member Yes 4 305 $131,626
Jack Evans Council Member Yes 2 285 $125,590
Yvette Alexander Council Member Yes 7 212 $92,650
Jim Graham Council Member Yes 1 192 $89,690
Vincent Orange Council Member Yes At Large 82 $80,267
David Catania Council Member Yes At Large 100 $71,200
Harold Brazil Former council member No 7 80 $55,425
Michael Brown Former council member No At Large 81 $44,475
Marion Barry Council Member Yes 8 87 $40,850
Phil Mendelson Council Member Yes At Large 61 $38,400
Mary Cheh Council Member Yes 3 78 $33,932
Tommy Wells Council Member Yes 6 78 $34,500
Harry Thomas Jr. Former council member No 5 71 $32,170
Robert Bobb Former school board/board of ed No At Large 66 $29,850
Anthony Williams Former mayor No 18 $26,663
Scott Bolden Former candidate for council No At Large 37 $25,100
Kathy Patterson Former council member No 3 26 $24,075
Carol Schwartz Former council member No At Large 29 $23,350
Sekou Biddle Former candidate for council No At Large 46 $19,625
Marie Johns Former candidate for mayor No 25 $18,700
Victor Vandell Former candidate for council No 7 35 $17,350
Patrick Mara Former candidate for council No At Large 18 $10,850
Sandy Allen Former council member No 8 19 $8,000
Jacque Patterson Former candidate for council No 8 25 $7,500
Kevin Chavous Former council member No 7 16 $7,500
Kenyan McDuffie Council Member Yes 5 21 $7,350
Jeff Smith Former candidate for council No 1 26 $7,250
Dotti Love Wade Former school board/board of ed No 1 29 $5,800
Adam Clampitt Former candidate for council No At Large 11 $5,375
Bill Rice Former candidate for council No 3 10 $4,700
Peter Shapiro Former candidate for council No At Large 6 $4,500
Delano Hunter Former candidate for council No 5 9 $3,750
Carrie Thornhill Former candidate for council No 7 7 $3,500
Bryan Weaver Former candidate for council No 1 7 $3,250
Victor Reinoso Former school board/board of ed No 2 13 $3,150
Clark Ray Former candidate for council No At Large 7 $3,050
Joshua Lopez Former candidate for council No At Large 6 $2,851
Paul Strauss Former candidate for council No 3 10 $2,750
Carolyn Graham Former school board/board of ed No 5 $2,500
Will Cobb Former candidate for council No 6 5 $2,200
William Lockridge Former school board/board of ed No 8 10 $2,150
Frank Wilds Former candidate for council No 5 5 $2,050
Tom Brown Former candidate for council No 7 5 $1,900
David Grosso Council Member Yes At Large 7 $1,600
Kevin Chavous Jr. Former candidate for council No 7 3 $1,500
Mark Long Former candidate for council No 7 4 $1,450
Curtis Etherly Former candidate for council No 6 4 $1,350
Doug Sloan Former candidate for council No 4 3 $1,250
Keith Perry Former candidate for council No 6 3 $1,250
Eugene Kinlow Former candidate for school board/board of ed No 8 7 $1,250
Drew Hubbard Former candidate for council No 5 2 $1,000
Leon Swain Former candidate for council No At Large 1 $1,000
Chad Williams Former candidate for council No 1 2 $1,000
Tony Williams Former candidate for council No 6 2 $1,000
Kamili Anderson School board/board of ed Yes 4 5 $1,000
DC Democrats DC Democrats No At Large 6 $950
Greg Rhett Former candidate for council No At Large 3 $950
David Bowers Former candidate for council No At Large 2 $908
Laura Slover School board/board of ed Yes 3 5 $900
Anthony Motley Former candidate for council No At Large 3 $775
Anthony Towns Former candidate for council No 4 2 $750
Herb Scott Former school board/board of ed No At Large 3 $700
Ted Trabue School board/board of ed Yes At Large 4 $1,200
Sam Brooks Former candidate for council No 3 3 $600
Cary Silverman Former candidate for council No 2 2 $600
Andrew Moss Former candidate for council No 4 3 $600
Shelore Williams Former candidate for school board/board of ed No 1 3 $600
Lisa Raymond Former school board/board of ed No 6 3 $600
Renee Bowser Former candidate for council No 4 2 $530
Kelvin Robinson Former candidate for council No 6 2 $500
Baruti Jahi Former candidate for council No 4 1 $500
Monica Warren-Jones School board/board of ed Yes 6 6 $575
Tijwanna Phillips Former canddiate for school board/board of ed No 8 2 $400
Graylan Hagler Former candidate for council No 4 1 $350
Jill Homan DC GOP No At Large 2 $250
Erik Gaull Former candidate for council No 3 1 $250
Mary Jackson Former candidate for council No 7 1 $250
Shelly Gardner Former candidate for council No 5 1 $250
Roscoe Grant Former candidate for council No 7 1 $250
Julian Rones Former candidate for council No 7 1 $200
Cleve Mesidor Former candidate for council No 7 1 $200
Phil Pannell Former candidate for school board/board of ed No 8 1 $200
Kathy Henderson Former candidate for council No 5 1 $150
Karen Williams Former candidate for school board/board of ed No 7 1 $150
Bill Bennett Former candidate for council No 7 1 $125
Christina Culver Former candidate for council No 2 1 $100
Max Skolnik Former candidate for council No 4 1 $100
Villareal Johnson Former candidate for school board/board of ed No 7 1 $100
Mary Lord School board/board of ed Yes 2 1 $100
Fiona Greig Former candidate for council No 8 1 $50
Lisa Bradford Former candidate for council No 4 1 $30
Darrell Gaston Former candidate for council No 8 1 $25
Raenelle Zapata Former candidate for council No 5 1 $25

About This Project

The project is funded in part by the Ethics and Excellence in Journalism Foundation. It is a partnership between WAMU and the news applications team at NPR. WAMU reporters analyzed data and gathered documents, images and sound for the stories and interactive elements. NPR added data assistance, design and digital support. Disclosure: NPR received a tax abatement from the city in 2008 for its new headquarters in the NoMA neighborhood. The abatement is included in the data table above.


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Reporting: Patrick Madden and Julie Patel / WAMU

Data Analysis: Patrick Madden and Julie Patel / WAMU, Matt Stiles / NPR

Design and Development: Chris Baronavski, Carrie Moskal / WAMU, Christopher Groskopf, Alyson Hurt, Matt Stiles and Katie Zhu / NPR