Leaders have pursued deals with Algeria, Egypt and other African suppliers of gas to replace Russian gas, the main source of Italy’s imports. (April 14)  |  More ›


Russia shut off the gas supply over its demand for payment in rubles. Poland plans to ban imports of Russian gas, oil and coal by the year’s end. (April 27)  |  More ›

Saudi Arabia

The U.S. has pressed Saudi Arabia to boost oil production — to lower rising prices and to rival Russia.  |  More ›


The country pledged to export more oil as an alternative to Russia and banned Russian oil imports itself. (March 27)  |  More ›


Germany has decreased its reliance on Russian gas to 35% of imports from 55%, and Russian oil to 12% from 35%. The government triggered early emergency planning for a potential shortage of natural gas.  |  More ›


In a surprise policy shift toward this heavily sanctioned country, the Biden administration met with its Kremlin-friendly leader Nicol├ís Maduro, whose presidency the U.S. does not recognize. The meeting, the first in years, came as the U.S. seeks oil sources to replace Russian oil. (March 8)  |  More ›

United Kingdom

The country pledged to phase out imports of Russian oil and oil products by the end of the year. (March 8)  |  More ›

United States

The White House ordered an unprecedented release of up to 180 million barrels of oil from strategic reserves in a bid to offset the war’s impact on soaring fuel prices. The U.S. also banned imports of oil, gas and coal from Russia.  |  More ›


The country is in talks with European buyers to boost its liquefied natural gas supplies as an alternative to Russian gas. (March 20)  |  More ›


Russia shut off gas supplies over its demand for payment in rubles. Bulgaria imports almost all of its gas from Russia and now is looking to reserves and alternative sources. (April 27)  |  More ›